This is a piece of parchment, animal skin, that was re-written not just once, but twice, with later texts. The first layer, the underlayer that is Matthew is written in Syriac, which is a form of Aramaic.
The Gospel of John has been overlooked in the historical search for Jesus. Surprisingly, this gospel is a more valuable resource than most scholars have admitted recently. Presenters: Dr. Paul N. Anderson and Dr. Shirley Paulson
"The Bible does not offer us rules that determine reality, rather it offers some combination of a wild stream and an improvising jazz band which make life bigger."